APPRENTICESHIP The apprenticeship is a training contract, in which the employer, in addition to paying the amount due for the activity carried out, guarantees the trainee a vocational training. The Dlgs 276/2003 distinguishes three types of contract with different aims :
-  apprenticeship for the fulfilment of right - obligation of education and training that allows to obtain a professional qualification and to favour the entrance in the world of work for the young people ;
-  professionalizing apprenticeship, which permits to obtain the qualification through a training while working and a technical-professional learning ;
-  apprenticeship for the acquisition of a diploma or for high formation courses, that permit to achieve a high school diploma, a university degree , a high formation diploma and for advanced technical specialization.

APPLICATION People who can apply for apprenticeship :
-  apprenticeship for right -obligation training : young people and teenagers aged 15 (mainly people aged 15-18) ;
-  professionalizing apprenticeship and apprenticeship for the acquisition of a diploma or for high formation : young people between 18 and 29 and seventeen- year-old people who have a professional qualification.

SECTORS The apprenticeship can be applied to all the different sectors of activities, included the agricultural one. The total number of recruited apprentices cannot exceed 100% the number of the qualified and skilled staff already working at the employer. The employers who do not employ skilled or qualified workers(or they have less than three), can employ up to three apprentices. The craft firms have different limits (Legge 443/1985 art 4).

LENGTH The apprenticeship for the right- obligation of training can last 3 years, according to the qualification to obtain, to the diploma, to the vocational and formation acquired, and also according to the budget of the competences realized by the public services for the employment or by the reliable private bodies. The professionalizing apprenticeship can last 2 to 6 years, according to what decided by the collective bargaining. It is possible to add the periods of apprenticeship in the area of right -obligation of education and training to the periods of the professionalizing apprenticeship. The length of the apprenticeship for the acquisition of a diploma or high formation courses must be defined by the Regions in agreement with the social parts and the educational institutions involved.

CHARACTERISTICS The apprenticeship contract must be written and it must indicate the performance of the apprentice, the formative plan and the qualification that will be obtained at the end of the work relation. The apprentice’s pay cannot be defined on job rates and the assignment cannot be lower than two levels as to that defined by the business agreement for the workers who perform the same job. The professional qualification achieved through any of the three contracts of apprenticeship is a formative credit for the continuation of education and vocational training. The employer cannot back out of the contract in absence of a just cause or of a justified reason, but he can dismiss the apprentice at the end of the period of apprenticeship. For all contracts of apprenticeship the welfare system provided for by the law 25/1955, is applied.

Publié le samedi 29 septembre 2007
Mis à jour le samedi 5 janvier 2008

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Publié le samedi 8 mars 2008 par Claudio Conti
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